Business Verified eBay Store Seal Watch Video Watch Video

Are pheromones responsible for human body odour assessment?

Posted on January 23, 2013 by James Kohl.

Can You Smell Yourself? by Sarah C. P. Williams on 22 January 2013, 5:10 PM

Excerpt: “Other molecules the human body produces could also influence individual smells and scent preferences, Zufall says. The individuality of people’s microbiomes—the collection of microbes living in and on us—could also be linked to the body’s odor or preferences, Wedekind says. “We just don’t know the full physiology yet,” he said, “But this is a good start.”

My comment: The full physiology has been detailed. The details are based on common molecular mechanisms and the epigenetic effects of nutrients and pheromones on individual survival and species diversification. Self vs non-self recognition is a function of the metabolism of nutrients to pheromones in species from microbes to man.

Major histocompatibility complex peptide ligands as olfactory cues in human body odour assessment

Excerpt 1: “… activation of particular brain regions by exposure… [reflects] ‘self’ or ‘non-self’ qualities relative to the individual’s MHC genotype.”

Excerpt 2: “…our study suggests that, as in mice and fish, sensory evaluation of MHC diversity through the recognition of structurally diverse MHC ligands may be involved in human MHC-associated behaviour.”

My reflection on their suggestion Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) emerged as a early regulator of reproduction. For example, the yeast α mating factor has 80% amino acid homology with mammalian GnRH. It also stimulates gonadotropin release from the mammalian pituitary.  The discovery of the fact that one decapeptide molecule, among the GnRHs, was constructed perfectly at the beginning of 400 million years [of vertebrate] evolution and that it is not possible to improve its physiological potency using the any natural amino acid is, in my opinion, important….”  It may also be important to note that mice and sticklebacks are vertebrates.

We can then look at an earlier work  with a 2004 Nobel Laureate as a co-author. We find evidence that Feedback loops link odor and pheromone signaling with reproduction.  The link is GnRH. “Indications that GnRH peptide plays an important role in the control of sexual behaviors suggest that pheromone effects on these behaviors might also involve GnRH neurons.”

The statement above translates to: The epigenetic effects of vertebrate pheromones on GnRH links nutrient-dependent pheromone production and feedback loops to food odors and to pheromones, which control of reproduction in species from microbes to man.  Are pheromones anything less than the most powerful influence on the adaptive evolution of human behavior?

In Milinski et al (2013), human pheromones are body odors. The body odors of all other animals are pheromones.  Does the refusal to acknowledge the role of human pheromones in adaptively evolved human behavior exemplify academic nonsense, or ignorance of the full physiology that links nutrient – dependent pheromone-controlled reproduction to behavior in species from microbes to man?

Also see: Researchers crack olfactory code for partner selection, synthesise first biologically effective perfume



James Kohl
Retired medical laboratory scientist

James Kohl

Order by Mail or FAX

Order by Mail or Fax

If you prefer to place your pheromones order by MAIL or FAX, using our printable order form, click here.

Trademarks & Notices: LuvEssentials is not affiliated in any way with WebMD, CNN, Discovery Health. All trademarks and registered trademarks appearing on LuvEssentials are the property of their respective owners.

Orders that were shipped by free USPS Mail and are returned to us will be assessed a return processing fee of $7.00 US Dollars. Orders totaling over $190.00 US Dollars, before any discount, that are returned to us will be assessed a return processing fee of 25%.

Please note, the testimonials we display are all real; however, any photos accompanying these testimonials are stock photography, not actual customers. We do this to protect the privacy of our customers.

Also, in accordance with FTC guidelines, we want to make it explicitly clear that the testimonials we display throughout this website are based on the unique experiences that some of our customers have shared with us. We cannot promise that you will experience similar benefits from using our product. If you are not satisfied with our product for any reason, simply return the product within 60 days for a full refund excluding the costs of shipping and handling. Please contact us with any questions you may have.

James Kohl owns, and he has published books and award-winning research journal articles about human pheromones. With colleagues he was the first to show that a mixture of human pheromones increases the flirtatious behaviors of women, and increases their level of attraction to the man wearing the mixture - during a real-life social circumstance lasting 15 minutes.

James Kohl was not paid for his endorsement. Nevertheless, he is an affiliate of which means it is possible for him to receive a monetary gain from the sale of LuvEssentials products based on how the visitor arrived at our site.

For testimonials of LuvEssentials products, please visit our testimonials page here or our ebay reviews page here.

To contact us, please click here

Contact Us

Please complete the following form to contact us; we will reply within one business day.
Business days are Monday through Friday, 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM, EST
The information you are providing here will not be sold or disclosed to any outside party.
(* indicates required fields)

Please contact us by:



Lodix Corporation
138 Palm Coast Parkway N.E.
Suite 192
Palm Coast, FL 32137

What is the vomeronasal organ (VNO)?

The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a cone-shaped organ in the nasal cavity, which is believed to be one of the body's receptors of pheromones. More, specifically, the VNO, which is part of the accessory olfactory system in the nose, does not respond to normal scents, but may detect odorless, barely perceptible pheromones.

Other schools of thought believe that it is not the VNO but rather cells in our main olfactory system and their affects on hormones secreted by the hypothalamus that are responsible for the affects of pheromones.

Learn more about the science behind pheromones here.

What are optimized pheromones?

Optimized pheromones are lab-certified pheromone formulations that have the optimum concentration of biologically active pheromones scientifically proven to produce behavior-altering results -- particularly as sexual attractants. Optimized pheromone formulations do not necessarily contain the maximum level of pheromones available on the market, but rather contain the greatest degree (and combination)of human pheromones that trigger a conditioned biological response in humans that, in turn, dictate their sexual behavior. Optimized pheromones also release neurotransmitters that directly modify the behavior of the opposite sex, such as triggering sexual excitement. For example:

Optimized pheromones for men are scientifically proven to bring about an increase in the luteinizing hormone (LH) in women, thereby causing a woman to have a heightened sexual responsiveness to a man. This LH surge elevates a woman's predisposition towards sexual activity.

Optimized pheromones for women are scientifically proven to bring about a biochemical surge in men, thereby causing a man to have a heightened sexual responsiveness to a woman. This biochemical surge is what makes a man fiercely determined to copulate.