Business Verified eBay Store Seal Watch Video Watch Video

Pheromones and embodied cognition vs pet tricks

Posted on May 4, 2013 by James Kohl.

Glen Sizemore wrote: “In short, “recognition” is “just” stimulus control and all behavior (and its controlling variables) is “outside of awareness” until contingencies make one aware.”

My comment: You realize, of course, that you now contradict what you exemplified as Pavlovian conditioning (i.e., tone and foot-shock pairing). Pavlovian conditioning occurs via molecular mechanisms that are obviously “outside of awareness.” Therefore, the contingencies of tone and foot-shock pairing clearly distinguish epigenetically-effected classical (Pavlovian) conditioning from the “recognition” you attribute to operant conditioning.

For example, in our award-winning review, Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, we portrayed what you infer is “recognition” as a form of adaptively evolved embodied cognition. Clearly, the molecular mechanisms of stimulus control (the biological basis for all behavior) are epigenetically effected by food odors and social odors. Epigenetic effects occur long before any contingencies make any organism aware of anything that occurs in the context of nutrient-dependent pheromone controlled adaptive evolution.

Aanimal trainers (e.g., behaviorists) have helped to prevent our understanding of embodied cognition and how it leads to re-cognition (i.e., recognition of unconscious affects due to the effects of hormones on mammalian behavior). Those who disagree may need to examine the reality of Hypothalamic programming of systemic ageing involving IKK-b,NF-kB and GnRH, because GnRH is the central feature of my model.

If my antagonists can introduce operant conditioning into their reconceptualization of what I first presented in 1995 as “Olfactory-genetic-neuronal-hormonal reciprocity in learning, memory, behavior and in immune function,” they might also be able to convince others that tone and foot-shock pairing exemplifies Pavlovian conditioning. If not, they will continue to exemplify the lack of understanding of the basic principles of biology and levels of biological organization that most people intuitively understand in the context of linking sensory input directly to behavior.

Food odors are essential to Pavlovian conditi0ning and so are pheromones because both types of odors epigenetically effect GnRH secretion. Moreover, the epigenetic effects of olfactory/pheromonal input help to explain the adaptive evolution of embodied cognition via ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction.

Tone and foot-shock pairing does not epigentically effect GnRH secretion from nerve cells in the hypothalamus. That’s why it cannot exemplify Pavlovian conditioning. The animal is aware of both the tone and the shock, which by the explanation above makes tone and foot-shock pairing an example of operant conditioning. Without knowing the difference between Pavlovian and operant conditioning, people are not likely to understand embodied cognition. Therefore, it is good to know that most people will not ask animal trainers (behaviorists) to help them understand anything other than pet tricks.



James Kohl
Retired medical laboratory scientist

James Kohl

Order by Mail or FAX

Order by Mail or Fax

If you prefer to place your pheromones order by MAIL or FAX, using our printable order form, click here.

Trademarks & Notices: LuvEssentials is not affiliated in any way with WebMD, CNN, Discovery Health. All trademarks and registered trademarks appearing on LuvEssentials are the property of their respective owners.

Orders that were shipped by free USPS Mail and are returned to us will be assessed a return processing fee of $7.00 US Dollars. Orders totaling over $190.00 US Dollars, before any discount, that are returned to us will be assessed a return processing fee of 25%.

Please note, the testimonials we display are all real; however, any photos accompanying these testimonials are stock photography, not actual customers. We do this to protect the privacy of our customers.

Also, in accordance with FTC guidelines, we want to make it explicitly clear that the testimonials we display throughout this website are based on the unique experiences that some of our customers have shared with us. We cannot promise that you will experience similar benefits from using our product. If you are not satisfied with our product for any reason, simply return the product within 60 days for a full refund excluding the costs of shipping and handling. Please contact us with any questions you may have.

James Kohl owns, and he has published books and award-winning research journal articles about human pheromones. With colleagues he was the first to show that a mixture of human pheromones increases the flirtatious behaviors of women, and increases their level of attraction to the man wearing the mixture - during a real-life social circumstance lasting 15 minutes.

James Kohl was not paid for his endorsement. Nevertheless, he is an affiliate of which means it is possible for him to receive a monetary gain from the sale of LuvEssentials products based on how the visitor arrived at our site.

For testimonials of LuvEssentials products, please visit our testimonials page here or our ebay reviews page here.

To contact us, please click here

Contact Us

Please complete the following form to contact us; we will reply within one business day.
Business days are Monday through Friday, 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM, EST
The information you are providing here will not be sold or disclosed to any outside party.
(* indicates required fields)

Please contact us by:



Lodix Corporation
138 Palm Coast Parkway N.E.
Suite 192
Palm Coast, FL 32137

What is the vomeronasal organ (VNO)?

The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a cone-shaped organ in the nasal cavity, which is believed to be one of the body's receptors of pheromones. More, specifically, the VNO, which is part of the accessory olfactory system in the nose, does not respond to normal scents, but may detect odorless, barely perceptible pheromones.

Other schools of thought believe that it is not the VNO but rather cells in our main olfactory system and their affects on hormones secreted by the hypothalamus that are responsible for the affects of pheromones.

Learn more about the science behind pheromones here.

What are optimized pheromones?

Optimized pheromones are lab-certified pheromone formulations that have the optimum concentration of biologically active pheromones scientifically proven to produce behavior-altering results -- particularly as sexual attractants. Optimized pheromone formulations do not necessarily contain the maximum level of pheromones available on the market, but rather contain the greatest degree (and combination)of human pheromones that trigger a conditioned biological response in humans that, in turn, dictate their sexual behavior. Optimized pheromones also release neurotransmitters that directly modify the behavior of the opposite sex, such as triggering sexual excitement. For example:

Optimized pheromones for men are scientifically proven to bring about an increase in the luteinizing hormone (LH) in women, thereby causing a woman to have a heightened sexual responsiveness to a man. This LH surge elevates a woman's predisposition towards sexual activity.

Optimized pheromones for women are scientifically proven to bring about a biochemical surge in men, thereby causing a man to have a heightened sexual responsiveness to a woman. This biochemical surge is what makes a man fiercely determined to copulate.