Sex pheromones do not evolve through genetic mutation
Posted on February 13, 2013 by James Kohl.
The Curious Case of the Lusty Wasps by Lizzie Wade on 13 February 2013, 1:40 PM
Excerpt: “…new sex pheromones may evolve through genetic mutation before potential mates develop the ability to detect them.”
My comment: Sex pheromones don’t evolve through genetic mutations. They are nutrient-dependent, not mutation-dependent. Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution is made possible by the epigenetic effects of nutrients on intracellular signaling, the microRNA/messenger RNA balance, alternative splicing, and activity-dependent stochastic gene expression, which is controlled by the metabolism of nutrients to species-specific pheromones.
The epigenetic effects of nutrients establish the ecological niche; pheromones establish the social niche. Feedback loops that link ecological and social niche construction to neurogenic and socio-cognitive niche construction are exemplified in the honeybee model organism, which links adaptive evolution in species from microbes to man via the same molecular mechanisms.
Mutations theory links nothing given the requirement to get from genes to behavior and back, which is the requirement for adaptive evolution. For contrast, “Olfaction and odor receptors provide a clear evolutionary trail that can be followed from unicellular organisms to insects to humans.” — Kohl, J.V. (2012) Human pheromones and food odors: epigenetic influences on the socioaffective nature of evolved behaviors. Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology, 2: 17338.
Retired medical laboratory scientist
Try Our Potent Pheromones Risk Free!
Backed by Scientific Research AND
a 100% Money Back Guarantee!
With our no hassle 60 day money back guarantee you have nothing to lose.Read Our Risk Free Guarantee to you!
Order by Mail or FAX
Trademarks & Notices: LuvEssentials is not affiliated in any way with WebMD, CNN, Discovery Health. All trademarks and registered trademarks appearing on LuvEssentials are the property of their respective owners.
Orders that were shipped by free USPS Mail and are returned to us will be assessed a return processing fee of $7.00 US Dollars. Orders totaling over $190.00 US Dollars, before any discount, that are returned to us will be assessed a return processing fee of 25%.
Please note, the testimonials we display are all real; however, any photos accompanying these testimonials are stock photography, not actual customers. We do this to protect the privacy of our customers.
Also, in accordance with FTC guidelines, we want to make it explicitly clear that the testimonials we display throughout this website are based on the unique experiences that some of our customers have shared with us. We cannot promise that you will experience similar benefits from using our product. If you are not satisfied with our product for any reason, simply return the product within 60 days for a full refund excluding the costs of shipping and handling. Please contact us with any questions you may have.